Rice Biofortification

Rice Biofortification

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'A deeply thought-provoking book, this study of biofortification in rice explores how and why public science so often irons out complex needs into a demand for pre-packaged solutions....[This] book is essential reading for both critics and proponents of biotechnology in international development.'-Paul Richards, Professor of Technology and Agrarian Development, Wageningen University, The Netherlands 'A lucid analysis of the decision-making in international agricultural research, which emphasizes a technical, commercial approach. Malnutrition is far better tackled with a biodiversity approach that makes available local foods that can be eaten fresh and are free.'-Suman Sahai, Convenor, Gene Campaign, New Delhi 'Rice Biofortification convincingly illustrates the tenacity of the top-down linear research paradigm, which unfortunately still dominates the international agricultural resarch agenda. How researchers can effectively work with local contexts is an important issue, which the author handles admirably.'-Joachim Voss, independent reesearch professional, formerly Director General of the International Centre for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), Cali, Colombia Biofortification - the enrichment of staple food crops with essential micronutrients -has been heralded as a uniquely sustainable solution to the problem of micronutrient deficiency, or 'hidden hunger'. Considerable attention and resources are being directed towards the biofortification of rice - the world's most important food crop. Through an in-depth analysis of international rice biofortification efforts, from offices in the US to laboratory and field sites in the Philippines, this book provides an important critique of such goal-oriented, top-down approaches. The author argues that these approaches exemplify a model of global 'public goods' science that is emerging within complex international research networks. It provides vital lessons for those researching and making decisions about science and research policy, showing that if this model becomes entrenched, it is likely to channel resources towards the search for 'silver bullet' solutions, at the expense of more incremental approaches that respond to locality, diversity and the complex and uncertain interactions between people and their environments. The author proposes a series of key changes to institutions and practices that might allow more context-responsive alternatives to emerge. These issues are particularly important now as increasing concerns over food security are leading donors and policy-makers to commit to ambitious visions of 'impact at scale' - visions which may never become a reality and may preclude more effective pathways from being pursued.The term a#39;bioavailabilitya#39; refers to the proportion of nutrient the body can extract from food items and make available for ... 10. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/ fullpage.html?sec=healthaamp;res=990CE7 D61131F93AA15752C0A963958260aamp;fta=y ... 25. http://doh.gov.ph/ foodfortification/downloads/SPSProgram.pdf (18 March 2008).

Title:Rice Biofortification
Author: Sally Brooks
Publisher:Earthscan - 2010

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